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ECO FLbb-FD/bb-6K

The ECO 6k family of sensors is designed for float applications requiring a 6000 meter depth rating.

Sea-Bird Scientific offers the Environmental Characterization Optics (ECO) series of in-situ fluorometers and backscattering instruments that incorporate a common set of options with a single basic design to make them ideal for a wide variety of environments.

The ECO FLbb–FD/bb-2K fluorometer combines chlorophyll fluorescence, 700nm backscattering, with a second optical pair measuring fDOM (fluorescent dissolved organic matter) fluorescence or 532nm backscattering.  The blue (470nm) LED stimulates chlorophyll fluorescence, while the red (700nm) LED illuminates the total particle field. Selection of fDOM uses a UV (370nm) LED that stimulates the fluorescent dissolved organic matter for tracking total DOM (dissolved organic matter) in natural waters, while a selection of bb uses a green (532nm) LED illuminating the particle field.  By alternating the flashing of the LEDs at 1.4 Kilohertz, the ECO FLbb-FD/bb-2K maximizes data coherence between these common measurements of phytoplankton, fDOM, and particle concentrations.


  • Combines three biogeochemical measurements into one instrument
  • Combines unparalleled fluorescence sensitivity with market leading optical backscattering
  • Multiple ranges available to tailor the instrument response to the environment
  • 6000m depth rating
  • User controlled data averaging for assessment of chlorophyll and particle concentration variability
  • Digital output for integration into serial data streams
  • Provides excellent precision and reliability at a fraction of the size and cost of similar instruments


Diameter 6.3 cm

17.78 cm

Weight in air

1.3 kg

Weight in water

0.75 kg

Pressure housing   Acetal copolymer



Chlorophyll EX/EM 470/695 nm
Chlorophyll sensitivity 0.015 μg/l
Chlorophyll range 0-30 μg/l
Linearity 99%  R2
Backscattering wavelength 700 nm
Backscattering sensitivity* 0.0015 m-1
Backscattering range* 0-3 m-1
Linearity 99%  R2
FLbb-FD FLBbb-bb
FDOM EX/FM 370/460 nm Backscattering wavelength 532 nm
FDOM Sensitivity 0.28 ppb Backscattering sensitivity* 0.0015 m-1
FDOM Range 0-375 ppb Backscattering range* 0 - 3 m-1
Linearity 99% R2 Linearity 99% R2



Digital output resolution 12 bit
RS-232 output 19200 baud
Connector MCBH-6-MP
Input 7-15 VDC
Data output rate 8 Hz
Operating current typical 60 mA
Operating current max. 140 mA



Calibrated Temperature Range -2 to 30°C
Working Temperature Range

-10 to 50°C

Storage Temperature Range -20 to 70°C
Depth rating deep

6000 m

*Backscattering specifications are given in beam cp (m-1) based on the regression of the response of the instrument relative to the beam cp measured at the coincident wavelength using an ac-s spectrophotometer. Scale factors for backscattering incorporate the target weighting function and the solid angle subtended.

**The water temperature range through which the instruments are tested. The –2 deg C minimum covers all natural waters on Earth. Please contact us for testing to higher temperatures.

Model Options:

  • FLbbB—The capabilities of the FLbb with internal batteries and memory for autonomous operation
  • FLbbS—The capabilities of the FLbb with an integrated anti-fouling Bio-wiper™
  • FLbbSB—The capabilities of the FLbb with internal batteries for autonomous operation
  • FLbb-FD-6k—Designed for float applications but can be used for other applications down to 2000 m
The list below includes (as applicable) the current product brochure, manual, and quick guide; software manual(s); and application notes.

ECOView host software provides a graphical user interface that allows you to configure, collect, view, and upload data from a variety of ECO fluorometers.

Version 1.23 released April 9, 2013
File ECOView123.exe for Windows 7/8/10

How do I protect my ECO from bio-fouling?

ECO instruments are designed for long term deployment capabilities with low power requirements, a large memory and an available Bio-wiper™. The Bio-wiper™ on the ECO was designed to protect the optical surface and has been very effective under most conditions.

If extra protection is required to prevent marine organisms from attaching to the instrument body near the optical head and interfering with the operation of the Bio-wiper™ we suggest using copper foil tape. The GoMOOS project developed a technique for their ECO sensors and WET Labs recommends this technique:

Apply electrical tape under the area where copper tape will be applied. This protects the meter from the significant adhesive residue of the copper foil tape.

Apply the copper tape to the prepped surfaces. There are different width copper foil tape options, with non-conductive adhesive, available from McMaster-Carr. NOTE: when applying the coper tape, the adhesive should not be touched. This will cause the tape to not stick to the electrical tape on the meter. When submerged in salt water, the copper will adhere more closely to the meter.

As long as the electrical tape is used, this technique does not violate the ECO warranty and WET Labs will service instruments that have had copper tape applied to them.

Important! Do NOT apply copper tape directly to the meter. Its adhesive is extremely difficult to remove. Meters returned to WET Labs wrapped in copper tape without the electrical tape preparation will have additional service charges applied.


What is the fluorescent stick that came with my meter used for?

Checking Meter Output with the Fluorescent Stick
ECO meters ship with a stick of fluorescent material with which you can check your meter's output response.
    •    With the meter on and outputting data, hold the stick approximately 1/2-in (1 cm) from the lit detectors. Be careful to NOT touch the sensor face, as it scratches easily.
    •    Pivot the stick to parallel with the meter's optics; the output in the  meter's "signal" column should increase to near maximum output as given on the meter's characterization or calibration sheet.
    •    As you move the stick away, the output will decrease.


What is the memory capability?

    •    Not included on the "RT" units!!
    •    The memory is stored in "Flash" memory, an integrated circuit chip on the electronic board set.
    •    There is no removable card, no upgrade in memory capacity.
    •    The total sample records available for a single channel ECO = 108,000.
    •    Typically, the ECO output is set to 1 sample/sec.

What should I use to lubricate bulkhead connectors?

We recommend keeping the connectors on your meter lubricated using a good quality silicone spray lubricant, such as 3M Silicone Spray or Loctite 8021 spray. These can be purchased at your local hardware store. Avoid silicone grease. It is messy and attracts contaminants.

Do not use WD-40. It will destroy connectors.

What type of batteries are in ECO's?

    •    We recommend the use of Lithium batteries in all of our ECO battery units.
    •    There is a very significant battery life increase in comparison with Alkaline cells.
    •    We use Ultralife Lithium +9V batteries.
    •    Ultralife has 3 different part numbers (used with different sales packaging) for the long-life batteries we use in our ECO's:
    ◦    U9VL
    ◦    U9VLX
    ◦    U9VLBP
    •    Ultralife batteries have Aluminum/Mylar housing providing:
    ◦    Protection against humidity and heat from entering the battery. Humidity and heat reduce efficiency and shelf-life.
    ◦    Batteries that are much more leak-resistant.
    •    Ultralife batteries have a 7-10 year shelf-life.
    •    The batteries are customer replaceable with easy access to the battery pack.
    •    The battery pack has 6 batteries: 2 layers of 3 +9V Lithium cells.


How do I get started using my new ECO?

What is the back scattering angle of my ECO instrument?

WET Labs ECO Centroid Angles for Back Scatter Measurements

The WET Labs’ ECO sensors have multiple back scattering angles depending upon type of sensor. This document will describe these angles based upon the type of ECO sensor selected by the customer.

Single Channel Sensors:
Single channel ECO back scatter sensors have an in-water centroid angle of 124°.  These include the following ECO models: bb, NTU.

Dual Channel Sensors:
Dual channel ECO back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence) have an in-water centroid angle of 142°. These include the following ECO models: FLNTU and FLBB versions along with OEM variants of these sensors (AP2, 2K, SLC, RTD, SB variants).

Three Channel Sensors:
Three channel ECO back scatter sensors (individually paired LED source with detector) have an in-water centroid angle of 124°. These include the following ECO models: bb3, BBFL2, BB2FL and Triplet-w family.

Combined Three Channel Sensors:
WET Labs’ combined three channel ECO back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence along with either another back scatter or FDOM channel) have an in-water centroid angle of 124°.

These include the following ECO models:
FLBB-CD, FLBB-BB along with OEM variants of these sensors (2K, AP2, SLC, REM, BOSS, 6K). MCOMS and SeaOWL UV-A: WET Labs’ MCOMS and SeaOWL UV-A back scatter sensors (back scatter at 700nm paired with chlorophyll fluorescence along with either another back scatter or FDOM channel) have an in-water centroid angle of 150°.